Session 1: Neuroscience
Neuroscience is a developing discipline encompassing the study on Nervous System. Nervous system is made up of Brain and Spinal cord. Study on Neuroscience comprises experts of various fields grouping from molecular biology through to experimental psychology, as well as the fields of anatomy, physiology and pharmacology. Neuroscientists reconnoitre every constituent of nervous system and their functioning to develop drugs for treating neurological disorders. Disquisition on neuroscience provides insight for many areas of human endeavour.
Session 2: Cognitive neuroscience
Cognitive neuroscience makes the boundaries between psychology, psychiatry and neuroscience quite blurred. The study of cognitive neuroscience focuses on how the brain enables the mind. Cognitive science basically bridges two domains and uses the experimental methods of cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence. Discussion in this session will include the recent transformation in the field of cognitive neuroscience.
Session 3: Neurobiology of CNS
Neurobiology is the sector of neuroscience where the focus in on cells of the nervous system and the organization of these cells into functional circuits that process information to whole body and mediate behaviour. Human cerebrum comprises of hundred billion of neurons which get, promote and transmit electrochemical motivation. Neurobiology focusses on neurons in CNS which vary in morphology and function.
Session 4: Neurosurgery
Neurosurgery is a first and foremost surgery discipline emerged as a result of an intensifying need for remarkable expertise in the surgical and non-surgical treatment of numerous diseases affecting the nervous system and supporting structures. Neurosurgery encompasses management of diseases of the skull, the brain, the pituitary and the spinal cord. Management of head and spinal injuries is a major challenge. Hence, it involves the capability to assess, and the technical skills for the efficacious surgical treatment of congenital and acquired abnormalities. Added expertise in trauma and diseases affecting the nervous system that can be potentially prevented, alleviated or cured.
Session 5: Neurodegenerative diseases
Neurodegenerative diseases damage the central nervous system causing rapid nervous system dysfunction. The most prevalent neurodegenerative disorders are Alzheimer Disease, Parkinson’s Disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. These diseases are characterized by deprivation of neuronal cell function and deterioration of nervous system structure. Neurodegenerative diseases occur primarily in mid- to late-life and the prevalence rate is expected to rise as the population ages. (By 2030, as many as 1 in 5 Americans will be over the age of 65.). Discourse on this topic will aid in Finding treatments and cures for neurodegenerative diseases.
Session 6: Neurophysiology
Neurophysiology is the branch of neurobiology and physiology that exploits the functioning of nervous system. These studies are administered exploitation electrophysiological or molecular biological tools. Exploration of neurophysiology contributes intricate description concerning the revolutionized anatomy of system, the motor response system, thought process and memory management system. An Investigation may also be created in neuromuscular physiology, neural mechanisms of upper nervous activity and current issues of neuroscience may also be conferred
Session 7: Neurogenetics
Neurogenetics is division of genetics involving study of the repercussion of genes on the structure and function of the brain and peripheral nervous system. The gathering addresses the unique ideas to treat neurogenetic diseases that would benefit the future generation since the studies on neurogenetics concerns to genes that determine our individuality, as well as diseases and dysfunctions, exploration of normal and disordered genes in the nervous system requires further knowledge and thoughtful consideration. Exploring the genetic diseases would be Gene replacement, stem cells, and RNA silencing are new approaches in neurogenetic therapeutics.
Session 8: Neurochemistry
The compounds (neurochemicals) that are generated by and that modulate the nervous system comprises the focuses in the field of neurochemistry. Neurochemistry deals with the process of neurotransmission with the help of neurochemicals like oxytocin, serotonin, dopamine and other neurotransmitters and neurotransmitter-regulating substances.
Session 9: Neuroimmunology
Neuroimmunology is a sub division of neuroscience that deciphers the constant dialogue between the nervous and immune system. Rudimental understanding of neuroimmunology improves the basic and clinical knowledge on diseases resulted from the interaction between the nervous, immune and endocrine systems. Currently, major research in the field of immunology divulge the role of immune cells and immune mediators in the initiation and progression of specific neurological diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer's disease
Session 10: Neuromarketing
Neuromarketing is an emerging field that combines neuroscience, psychology, and marketing. Neuromarketing uses neuroscience to reveal subconscious consumer decision-making processes. Neuromarketers study brain- and biometric responses, as well as behavior, to understand and shape how consumers feel, think and act. Traditional tools, like consumer surveys and focus groups, assume consumers consciously articulate their preferences, whereas the majority of thoughts occur in our subconscious minds.
Session 11: Neurotoxicology
Any biological, chemical, or physical medium which produces an adverse effect on the structure or function of the central and/or peripheral nervous system, comprises to neurotoxicity. The discussion in this session will focus on the effects of environmental and endogenous toxins on the activity of both the central and peripheral nervous system. And, to understand how several major disorders of the nervous system are affected by chemical exposure.
Session 12: Neuropsychiatry
Neuropsychiatry is a collaborative field of neurology and psychiatry. Being the progressive academic filed, it primarily focuses on psychological aspects of patients affected by neurological conditions. Deliberation on neuropsychiatry can constrict the morbidity rate and unnecessary investigations.
Session 13: Neurorehabilitation
Neurological rehabilitation is in many ways different from the other branches of neurology. Rehabilitation is a process of education of the disabled person with the aim of assisting that individual to cope with family, friends, work, and leisure as independently as possible. Neurorehabilitation especially focuses on Disability occurred due to neurological disorders. Thus, a key factor that differentiates rehabilitation from much of neurology is that it is not a process that can be carried out by neurologists alone, but necessarily requires an active partnership with a whole range of health and social service professionals. In short Scrutiny on relationship between various neural strategies, mechanisms of neural plasticity, and changes in behavior may facilitate the development of novel, more effective rehabilitation interventions for treating brain injury and disease. There is evidence of achieving a better outcome of neurorehabilitation with early initiation of treatment, high intensity, with specific goals and active therapies, and the coordinated work and multimodality of a specialized team.
Session 14: Neurology Nursing
Neuroscience nurses assists patient suffering from neurological conditions and disorders throughout their life and in all health care settings. In this session theoretical and empirical knowledge that underpins the practice of neuroscience nursing will be explored and critical decision-making skills in the planning and delivery of care will be promoted. There are many specialities encompassed in this field
Session 15: Novel Therapeutics
The discovery of novel therapeutics in neuroscience is very significant sector as a large proportion of patients suffering from psychiatric disease have symptoms that do not respond to available treatments. Round table interaction in this topic will focus the potential to use of key biomarkers of refractory illness to diagnose and inform treatment decisions, and the possibility that real-time feedback may be used to customise neuromodulatory treatments.
Session 16: Case Study and Ethical Issues
Exploitation of case studies paves path to discover the change of medical facts over the time. Case study enhances the critical thinking and serves as a platform to examine challenging hypotheses concerning neurological conditions and their treatment. The corresponding session will delineate the value of the case study methodology and its advantages in the field of Neurology and Neuroscience
Session 17: Neuro-Psychiatric Epidemiology and Neuropsychopharmacology
Most of drug effects lead to Neuro psychological disturbances with mental disturbances influencing behavioural changes, brain functioning mechanisms. Neuroepidemiology area includes research methodology and the epidemiology of neurological disease. To study the genetic and psychosocial related factors that correlate to the prevalence, incidence, and outcome strategies of different types of psychiatric and psychological disorder, which can be possibly studied under Psychiatric Epidemiology.
Session 18: Stem cells and Neuroimmunomodulation
Induced pluripotent stem cells and models of disease with neural differentiation of pluripotent stem cells are studied under these categories. Embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells are the two main sources from which the stem cell arises. Embryonic stem cells are formed during the blastocyst phase of embryological development. Stem cell regulation and neuronal differentiation of CNS stem cells derived from the embryonic stages. Immunological and nervous system functions along with auto immune diseases are briefly studied under Neuroimmunomodulation.
Session 19: Autism and Neurodevelopmental disorders
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disabilities defined by
Significant social, communication, and behavioural impairments.
Major factors of improper functioning of the neurological system and brain are the symptoms of Neurological Disorders. In children attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism, learning disabilities, intellectual disability (also known as mental retardation), conduct disorders, cerebral palsy, and impairments in vision and hearing, children’s and infants with neurodevelopmental disorders can experience difficulties with language and speech, motor skills, behavior, memory, learning, or other neurological functions. While the symptoms and behavior of neurodevelopmental disabilities often change or evolve as a child grows older, some disabilities are permanent.
Session 20: Migraine and headaches
A migraine can cause severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on just one side of the head. It's often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.
Migraine attacks can cause significant pain for hours to days and can be so severe that the pain is disabling. Warning symptoms known as aura may occur before or with the headache. These can include flashes of light, blind spots, or tingling on one side of the face or in your arm or leg. Medications can help prevent some migraines and make them less painful
Session 21: Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease
Stroke is nothing but sudden Cerebrovascular accident which is a medical emergency.
Cerebrovascular disease refers to a group of conditions that can lead to a cerebrovascular event, such as a stroke. These events affect the blood vessels and blood supply to the brain. If a blockage, malformation, or haemorrhage prevents the brain cells from getting enough oxygen, brain damage can result.
Cerebrovascular diseases can develop in various ways, including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and atherosclerosis, where plaque builds up in the arteries. Stroke recovery: Pharmacological approaches to therapy, Stroke recovery: Non-pharmacological approaches to therapy, Stroke imaging and diagnostic studies are elaborately studied for the patients under critical conditions.
Session 22: Targets of Drug Actions in CNS
Drug mainly targets enzymes and receptor regions in the form of proteins and nucleic acid in which activities can be modified relatedly by a dosage regimen i.e. drug whose activity can be modified by a drug. The drug could be a low-molecular weight chemically inert compound or a biological compound as a recombinant protein or an antibody. The targets of Drug should show chemical, mechanical and biological responses including their in-vitro and in-vivo methods relevant to diseases. Whereas the main Neurotransmitters during the process of Neurotransmission, chemical targets includes mainly GABA, Glutamate etc. that operates through functioning of Neuromodulators like 5 Epinephrine, Prostanoids, 5-Hydroxy tryptamine, Acetylcholine that acts through both ligand gated channels and G-protein coupled receptors. Function as both Neuromodulator and Neurotransmitter. Lipid Solubility and Binding sites are the factors for chemical signalling variations; Intracellular receptors occupy hydrophobic chemical signals to cell surfaces. Agonists and Antagonists modify receptor activity. Chemical signalling in CNS takes place through blood or other fluids but is slow in functioning process. The cell body, dendrites, axon are the major regions for integration of signals in neuronal and organelle regions.
Session 23: Child and adult behavioural health
Correlates the studies of Stress and the Brain functions. Stress and neuroimmunology with Cellular actions of stress mainly concerned with early-life Stress: Neural, neurochemical, and physiologic effects, molecular mechanisms and cellular effects, effects on anxiety, social function, and depression. Stress-modulated pathway of Hypothalamus, amygdala, and bed nucleus, Cortex, hippocampus, and striatum, brainstem are briefly studied.
Session 24: Practical Clinical Case-Oriented Neuro-Ophthalmology
Field of neurology and ophthalmology are briefly studied under this. Clinical neuro-ophthalmology includes interesting aspects on (ischemic, inflammatory, infectious, compressive and hereditary optic neuropathies, select retinopathies, papilledema), efferent (diplopia and nystagmus), neuro-radiology and pupil dysfunction with also topic on, neuroretinitis, neuromyelitis optica, chiasmal lesions, ischemic optic neuropathy, anisocoria, downbeat nystagmus, and myasthenia gravis and optic neuritis.